Global radial basis function (RBF) collocation methods with infinitely smooth basis functions for partial differential equations (PDEs) work in general geometries, and can have exponential convergence properties for smooth solution functions. At the same time, the linear systems that arise are dense and severely ill-conditioned for large numbers of unknowns and small values of the shape parameter that determines how flat the basis functions are. We use Helmholtz equation as an application problem for the theoretical analysis and numerical experiments. We analyze and characterize the convergence properties as a function of the number of unknowns and for different shape parameter ranges. We provide theoretical results for the flat limit of the PDE solutions and investigate when the non-symmetric collocation matrices become singular. We also provide practical strategies for choosing the method parameters and evaluate the results on Helmholtz problems in a curved waveguide geometry.
An investigation of global radial basis function collocation methods applied to Helmholtz problems
Larsson E., Sundin U. (2020) "An investigation of global radial basis function collocation methods applied to Helmholtz problems " Dolomites Research Notes on Approximation, 13(1), 65-85. DOI: 10.14658/PUPJ-DRNA-2020-1-8
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Dolomites Research Notes on Approximation
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